(Students and families in transition due to economic hardship)
McKinney-Vento Act for Homeless Children and Youth
The McKinney-Vento is designed to address common issues that homeless children and youth experience in enrolling, attending, and succeeding in school. This program was authorized originally in 1987, but most recently reauthorized by No Child Left Behind 2001.
The McKinney-Vento Act defines "homeless and youth'" as individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate night time residence.
Includes children and youth who are:
- sharing the housing of other persons due to the loss of housing, economic housing, or a similar reasons...(sometimes referred to as doubled-up)
- living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative accomodations
- living in emergency or transitional housing
- abandoned in hospitals
- awaiting foster care placement
- have a private or public night time residence, not designed for, or or not ordinarilly used for sleeping accomodations for human beings.
- living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings.
Migratory children qualify for homeless status when they are living in circumstances described above.
Homeless Unaccompanied Youth
An Unaccompanied youth is defined as a student not in the physical custody of a parent or legal guardian. Unaccompanied youth experience barriers to enrolling and succeeding in school. This definitions includes youths living in runaway shelters, abandoned buildings, on the streets, or in other inadequate housing, denied housing by their families (put of the home), school age unwed mothers, who are living in shelters for unwed mothers, who have no other housing available.
These barriers may include school attendance policies, credit accrual, and legal guardianship requirements. Unaccompanied youths have educational rights.
Services provided to homeless and migrant children and youths:
- Immediate enrollment in school
- Transportation to and from the School of Origin: a "best interest" determination will be made. School of Origin is the school the student attended when permanently housed or the school the child or youth was last enrolled.
- Free/and or reduced school meals. School Nutrition applications will be expedited.
- May receive Special Education services, if qualified.
- Right to appeal any decisions (Appeal Form located in Forms Section)
A Student Residency Form must be completed and forwarded to the Homeless Liaison for determination of homeless status.